Le Ghana célèbre ses 50 ans/ Ghana celebrates his 50th birthday

Le Ghana a proclamé son indépendance le 6 mars 1957. 50 ans plus tard, il célèbre cet événement historique. Le pays voisin, le Togo, sur son site web, nous dresse un aperçu de ce que représente cet anniversaire. Le journal sud-africain, Mail and Guardian, traite aussi des festivités (en anglais). Il aborde aussi les critiques qu’on fait de l’événement. En effet, les célébrations coûteront 20 millions de dollars, et on se questionne sur leurs pertinences lorsqu’on sait que Jerry Rawlings a dirigé le pays d’une main de fer pendant 20 ans (Mail and Guardian et BBC). Et nous ne parlons pas encore des problèmes économiques du pays.

On peut se référer aux propos de Cameron Duodu (en anglais) pour remettre les choses en perspectives. Duodu se tourne vers l’héritage de Kwame Nkrumah, le père de l’indépendance du Ghana, pour souligner que cette oeuvre qu’il a accomplie servira d’exemple pour tous les autres futurs États africains. En tant que leader panafricaniste, il a appuyé politiquement et financièrement la luttes pour les indépendances africaines.

Finalement pour Duodu:

Quiconque a vu l’Afrique d’il y a 50 ans, et compare la situation de l’époque à celle d’aujourd’hui doit être une personne insensible pour ne pas apprécier les réalisations que plusieurs nations africaines pu accomplir (Notre traduction).

Bien dit, et Joyeux Anniversaire Ghana!

On March 6th 1957, Ghana claimed his independance. 50 years later, all the country celebrates that historical event. The South African paper, Mail and Guardian, gives us a glimpse of the festivities in Accra, the capital city:

Thousands gathered in the square for a re-enactment of the declaration of independence and fireworks at midnight to mark the precise anniversary.

Singer Stevie Wonder was due in Accra this week to sing a special version of his hit, “Happy Birthday“, dedicated to Ghana, whose independence inspired a wave of liberation struggles around the continent and the world.

Nigerian leader Olusegun Obasanjo was billed as guest of honour at a ceremony on Tuesday to be attended by Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe, along with Britain’s Duke of Kent and black American politician Jesse Jackson.

But the same paper talks about the critics surrounding the celebrations (the BBC does too): they are costly (20 millions dollars) and some people don’t understand why the country should celebrate when a large part of his history includes 20 years of an iron fist rule by former president Jerry Rawlings. And we didn’t talk about the economic struggles.

A comment from Cameron Duodu puts things into perspective. He says that we have to turn to the legacy of Kwame Nkrumah, the father of the ghanean independence. He was the spark that contributed to the wave of independence flowing through Africa right after Ghana gained it’s own:

Dr Kwame Nkrumah then took the microphone and told the crowd, in very moving terms, that from that moment on, there was a “new African” in the world. This new African was going to establish his own personality and identity and prove to the world that he was ready to fight his own battles and manage his own affairs. “The independence of Ghana is meaningless unless it is linked up with the total liberation of the whole African continent,” Nkrumah added.

Nkrumah proved true to his word. Soon after Ghana’s independence, he brought over George Padmore, a Trinidadian Pan-Africanist who had been at the forefront of organising conferences against colonial rule, and made him his advisor on African affairs. Together, they sent money secretly to African freedom fighters in the Portuguese, French and British territories still under colonial rule. Some were brought to Accra and taught guerrilla warfare with the help of experts from eastern Europe.

For Duodu:

Anyone who saw Africa 50 years ago, and compares the condition of the continent then to today would have to be heartless not to show appreciation for some of the achievements many African nations are making for themselves.

Well said, and Happy Birthday Ghana!