Les Eastern Arc Mountains de Tanzanie/ Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania

Un petit article du NYTimes présente les Eastern Arc Mounains qui traversent la Tanzanie, du Nord au Sud, mais dont la géographie en fait un “hot spot” de biodiversité. Il existe donc, sur une faible superfice, une grande quantité d’espèces endémiques animales et végétales. Ce sont des écosystèmes fragiles que des organismes comme l’UNESCO tiennent à protéger.

A small article by the NYTimes presents the Eastern Arc Mountains which crosses Tanzania from North to South. Their geography makes them a biodiversity “hot spot”. Therefore, in a small area, lives a huge quantity of animal and vegetal endemic species. These are fragile ecosystems that organizations like UNESCO try to protect.

NYTimes:

Many species that live on the mountains live nowhere else in the world. (Scientists call them endemic.) So far, researchers have identified 96 endemic species of vertebrates in the Eastern Arc Mountains, including sunbirds, chameleons and the wide-eyed primates called bushbabies.

Many insects are also endemic to the Eastern Arc, including 43 species of butterflies. Some of the most popular houseplants in the world come from its forests, including African violets, and the mountains are home to at least 800 other endemic species of plants.

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