L’O.N.U. devant des portes closes pour le Darfour/ United Nations in front of closed doors for Darfur.

Le nouveau secrétaire général de l’ONU, Ban Ki-moon et son nouveau chef adjoint aux affaires humanitaires, John Holmes font face à des portes closes en essayant d’apporter des solutions au conflit du Darfour. En effet, Ban n’a pas pu convaincre le président égyptien Hosni Moubarak de faire pression sur son homologue soudanais, Omar Al-Bashir. Pendant ce temps, John Holmes n’a pas pu visiter un camp de déplacés, l’armée soudanaise lui bloquant le chemin:

“Après une réunion avec des ONG à Kutum (dans le nord du Darfour), le convoi de M. Holmes, qui voulait se rendre dans le camp de déplacés proche de Kassab, a été bloqué par un barrage de l’armée soudanaise en dépit des autorisations obtenues auprès des autorités et des services de sécurité”, a déclaré à l’AFP, la porte-parole le bureau des Nations unies pour la coordination des Affaires humanitaires (OCHA), Dawn Elizabeth Blalock.

“M. Holmes s’est dit frustré et agacé par cette interdiction et a dit qu’il peut comprendre désormais les difficultés que rencontrent les ONG” dans leur travail au Darfour, a ajouté la porte-parole qui accompagne le responsable de l’ONU, jointe par téléphone à partir de Khartoum.

Selon elle, M. Holmes a l’intention de porter l’affaire devant les hauts responsables soudanais.

The new United Nations general secretary Ban Ki-moon, and John Holmes, his new Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, are facing closed doors in their efforts to bring a solution to the Darfur conflict. Indeed, Ban couldn’t convince Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak to put pressure on his Sudanese counterpart, Omar Al-Bashir:

At a morning meeting with the Egyptian president here, Ban said he had asked for help in changing the mind of the Sudanese leader, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, who has been defying United Nations requests to put troops into Darfur to help the overwhelmed African Union mission there.

Government and rebel violence in Darfur has left 200,000 people dead and 2.5 million displaced.

“The issue is not pressure, the issue is discussions between the government of Sudan and the rebels,” said Ahmed Aboul Gheit, the Egyptian foreign minister, who appeared at a news conference with Ban.

“First we have to enlarge the political process,” Aboul Gheit said, explaining that the main objective is to get rebel groups that have not signed a peace accord on board.

Ban said he had told Mubarak that while he had appealed in the past mainly to African nations to help curb the calamity of Darfur, “at this time Arab leaders should also try to help this worsening situation.”

Appearing resigned to the rejection, Ban said, “I expect that President Mubarak and other leaders in the region will take their time and look at this issue more seriously so that the efforts of the United Nations and the African Union can address this issue as soon as possible.”

During this time, John Holmes couldn’t enter Darfur to visit refugee camps (link in french), the Sudanese army blocking the way. Holmes had all the authorization papers to enter, and he said he understood why the NGOs had so much trouble moving in the area being in the same situation himself.

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