Ukpaka Reports nous indique que les États du Nord du Nigéria sont plus pauvres que ceux du reste du pays. Pourtant, on nous indique que c’est de là que sont issus les plus grands chefs d’État du Nigéria. En effet, 36 des 40 dernières années ont vu un président du Nigéria issu du Nord. Les États mentionnés sont ceux de Jigawa, Kebbi, Kogi, Bauchi, Kwara, Yobe, Zamfara, Gombe, Sokoto, et Adamawa.
Quiconque connaissant sa géographie du Nigéria se rendra compte qu’une bonne partie du “pays haoussas et peul” est couvert par ces États pauvres. Pour plusieurs de ces États, la population est aussi majoritairement musulmane.
Cet “apartheid” économique risque donc d’accentuer des tensions entre communautés et religions et devenir un enjeu des prochaines élections (21 Avril). Mais c’est la nature du Nigéria: un grand État de 140 millions d’habitants aux innombrables origines et religions.
Ukpaka Reports tells us that States from Northern Nigeria are poorer than the rest of the country:
To many people outside northern Nigeria , the recent revelation by professor Charles Soludo Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), that most of Nigeria ’s poverty is in the north was a shocker. The north that had her Sons glued to power at the centre for almost thirty-six out of the forty-seven years of Nigeria ’s existence! To most northerners and indeed people residing in the north, Soludo’s statistical figures that say the ‘top ten’ poverty- riddled states are in the north was a mere scientific confirmation of a known observable fact.
The ironies of this phenomenon are; for the four and a half Decades of the existence of present-day Nigeria, the north is proud of producing top class politicians, senior military and paramilitary officers, renowned scholars, respected traditional rulers and bourgeoisies, these coupled with thirty-six year access to national resources and political power, vast and most fertile agricultural land of Nigeria, having enormous population; economically-wide-spread water resources and patient commoners, but the region is economically and educationally left behind and indeed greater majority of northerners cannot today compete with others in a plain playing field in Nigeria, not even talking of the fast changing world, which Nigeria herself is a mere spectators
Soludo’s assessment of poverty in Nigeria indicated that ‘very high level of poverty is essential a northern phenomenon’ and the results show that Jigawa state top the list with 95% high incidence of poverty, followed by Kebbi with 89.7%, Kogi 88.6%, Bauchi 86.3%, Kwara 85.2%, Yobe 83.3% Zamfara 80.9 % Gombe 77%, Sokoto 76.8% and Adamawa 71.7% [our emphasis – see map above], the truth is, this gloomy picture has indeed portrait the leadership in the north in a bad light in the eyes of many onlookers; because it is a terrible thing for a community to find herself being the most poor in a country placed among the top most poorest nations in the world. However, the question is what is actually the cause of this phenomenon? There are many factors that contributed to the high incidence of poverty in the north; but the most imperative among them is, the thirty-six years of northern control of Nigeria’s political sphere, this has serious affected the ‘faculties’ of the political class, traditional class, the religion class and the business class in the north, though it is unjust to make a global labeling on all fragmentation of headship in the north; however, it is a reality.
Anyone who knows his geography of Nigeria will notice that a large part of the “land of the Hausas and Fulanis” is covered by some of those poor States. Also, some States have a population which is mainly Muslim.
This economical “apartheid” could therefore lead to increased tensions between communities and religions and it could be the issue for the coming elections (April 21st). But, this IS Nigeria: a huge country of 140 millions people of innumerable origins and religions.