L’Érythrée rend l’excision illégale/ Eritrea outlaws excision

L’Érythrée suit l’exemple d’au moins 16 autres États africains et condamne la pratique de la mutilation génitale chez la femme, dont l’excision. On profite de cette nouvelle pour rappeler que cette pratique est maintenant condamnée par la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et son article cinq :

Article 5 / Elimination des pratiques néfastes
Les Etats interdisent et condamnent toutes les formes de pratiques néfastes qui affectent négativement les droits humains des femmes et qui sont contraires aux normes internationales. Les Etats prennent toutes les mesures législatives et autres mesures afin
d’éradiquer ces pratiques et notamment :
a) sensibiliser tous les secteurs de la société sur les pratiques néfastes par des campagnes et programmes d’information, d’éducation formelle et informelle et de communication;
b) interdire par des mesures législatives assorties de sanctions, toutes formes de mutilation génitale féminine, la scarification, la médicalisation et la para-médicalisation des mutilations génitales féminines et toutes les autres pratiques néfastes;
Upc) apporter le soutien nécessaire aux victimes des pratiques néfastes en leur assurant les services de base, tels que les services de santé, l’assistance juridique et judiciaire, les conseils, l’encadrement adéquat ainsi que la formation professionnelle pour leur permettre de se prendre en charge;
d) protéger les femmes qui courent le risque de subir les pratiques néfastes ou toutes autres formes de violence, d’abus et d’intolérance.

Eritrea has decided to follow 16 other african States and bans excision:

The Eritrean government has banned female genital mutilation (FGM), saying the practice was painful and put women at risk of life-threatening health problems.

A government proclamation published on Wednesday said it was illegal for anyone to subject a person to FGM or provide tools to anyone who intended to carry out the practice. Failing to inform authorities on intended plans to subject anyone to FGM also constituted an offence, according to the legal notice.

The government and civil society had in February expressed optimism that efforts to combat FGM were bearing fruit, saying the campaign against the practice had gained support in rural areas where it was most common.

“We do not have the statistics yet, but we have seen a positive response, with even village councils coming up with their own provisional laws with the people’s consensus to discourage the practice,” Dehab Suleiman, the head of information and research at the National Union of Eritrean Women, told IRIN.

Suleiman said FGM prevalence rates in Eritrea were estimated at 94 percent, but the practice was expected to decline in the near future because an increasing number of parents were choosing not to have their daughters subjected to FGM.

FGM involves the cutting and/or removal of the clitoris and other vaginal tissue, often under unsanitary conditions. It is practised in at least 28 countries globally. The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimates that up to 140 million girls and women around the world have undergone some form of FGM.

It is practised extensively in Africa, and also in parts of the Middle East and among immigrant communities around the world. According to medical experts, it causes physical and psychological complications, as well as heightening the risk of HIV/AIDS when unsterilised instruments are used.

At least 16 African countries have banned the practice, and the Maputo Protocol, an African regional document that prohibits and condemns FGM, came into force in November 2005 [see excerpt in french above].

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2 thoughts on “L’Érythrée rend l’excision illégale/ Eritrea outlaws excision

  1. Les éditions Chèvre-feuille étoilée ont publié “Entière ou la réparation de l’excision”
    Des femmes ont excisé des fillettes. Le chirurgien, Pierre Foldes répare la mutilation. L’anesthésiste, Michèle Wilisch, et la sexologue, Frédérique Hédon, à l’écoute de ces fillettes devenues adultes, les accompagnent sur le chemin de leur reconstruction.
    Marie-Noël Arras a recueilli leurs témoignages ainsi que celui de Mahoua Kone, temps fort, pour prouver, si besoin est, combien il est important d’informer sur la possibilité de réparer une mutilation qui touche aujourd’hui en France environ 60 000 fillettes selon le ministère de la santé !

    ISBN : 978–2-914467-49-0 6 €

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