La méthode soudanaise pour passer outre l’embargo sur les armes/ The sudanese trick to override the arms embargo

Voyez vous cet avion? C’est un avion de l’ONU n’est-ce pas?

Do you see this plane? It’s a United Nations’ plane isn’t it?Sudanese plane

Si vous avez répondu oui, et bien vous vous êtes fait berner par les autorités soudanaises qui peignent leurs avions aux couleurs de ceux de l’ONU, sans oublier le logo, pour transporter des armes vers le Darfour! Une belle façon de contourner l’embargo sur les armes.

If you answered yes, well you’ve been fooled by the Sudanese authorities who painted their planes with the colors of United Nation’s planes, not forgetting the logo, in order to transport weapons to Darfur! A nice way to go around the arms embargo (see New York Times article below).

Le Figaro:

Non content de violer la résolution des Nations unies, Khartoum maquille ses avions pour faire son commerce d’armes.

Explosifs, fusils, pièces d’artillerie, munitions et autres armes de poing : des cargaisons entières d’armes continuent à pénétrer au Darfour, grâce à des avions affrétés par le gouvernement soudanais, révèle mercredi par le New York Times, qui cite un rapport confidentiel des Nations unies. Khartoum viole ainsi des résolutions de l’ONU et l’embargo sur les armes, en fournissant notamment les milices arabes (djandjawids) opposées depuis plus de quatre ans aux populations noires locales, selon ce texte obtenu auprès d’un diplomate d’un pays membre du Conseil de sécurité, et qui couvre une période allant de septembre 2006 à mars 2007.

Pour effectuer ce commerce d’armes et bombarder des villages dans la région de l’ouest du pays, le gouvernement soudanais va jusqu’à utiliser des avions arborant faussement les couleurs de l’ONU.

Le quotidien newyorkais dévoile ainsi sur son site Internet plusieurs photos d’avions militaires soudanais «maquillés» stationnés sur l’un des trois aéroports du Darfour: repeints en blanc, ils portent la marque UN (ONU en anglais) sur leurs ailes.

Le rapport des Nations unies, qui recommande un resserrement de l’embargo des armes à destination du Soudan, ajoute que les rebelles du Darfour se sont eux aussi rendus coupables de violations des résolutions de l’ONU et des règles humanitaires.

L’ONU et l’Union africaine (UA) ont conclu mardi à New York deux jours de discussions sur le Darfour en pressant Khartoum de mettre en œuvre au plus vite son engagement d’autoriser le déploiement de 3.000 personnels de l’ONU dans sa province, en soutien de l’actuelle force de l’UA.

En quatre ans, la guerre civile au Darfour a fait 200.000 morts et 2 millions de déplacés, selon l’ONU, chiffres contestés par le Soudan, qui parle de «seulement 9.000 morts».

The New-York Times (go to their website for the full report):

A confidential United Nations report says the government of Sudan is flying arms and heavy military equipment into Darfur in violation of Security Council resolutions and painting Sudanese military planes white to disguise them as United Nations or African Union aircraft.

In one case, illustrated with close-up pictures, the report says “U.N.” has been stenciled onto the wing of a whitewashed Sudanese armed forces plane parked on a military apron at a Darfur airport. Bombs guarded by uniformed soldiers are laid out in rows by its side.

The report says that, contrary to the Sudanese government’s earlier denials to United Nations investigators, the freshly painted planes are being operated out of all three of Darfur’s principal airports and used for aerial surveillance and bombardments of villages, in addition to the transportation of cargo.

The report was compiled by a five-person panel responsible for helping the Council’s sanctions committee monitor compliance with resolutions on Darfur, the war-ravaged region in Sudan. It was made available by a diplomat from one of the 15 Council nations, which believes that the findings ought to be made public.

More than 200,000 people have died in Darfur and 2.3 million have been uprooted from their homes, largely by repeated attacks from Arab militias supported and equipped by the Sudanese government.

But while the report focuses much of its attention on the government, it says that rebel groups were also guilty of violating Council resolutions, peace treaty agreements and humanitarian standards. It recommends a tightening of the arms embargo imposed by the Security Council and other restrictions on activities involving illicit weapons, regardless of who is responsible.

The report covers recent conduct, from September 2006 to March 12, 2007, and emerged a day after Sudan announced it was dropping its objections to large-scale United Nations assistance to the overwhelmed African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur. Sudan said Monday that it would agree to a force of 3,000 military police officers, along with six attack helicopters and other aviation and logistics support.

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