Il y a quelques jour, la CIA, l’agence d’espionnage américaine, a déclassifié une série de documents faisant 703 pages. Une de ces pages décrit comment, la CIA était impliquée dans la planification de l’assassinat de Patrice Lumumba ancien président du Congo. Le document complet est disponible ici.
703 pages of CIA « jewels » were declassified a few days ago. One page mentions Patrick Lumumba’s and mentions to his assassination. Here is a copy of the text (the full document is available here):
14th February 1972
MEMORENDUM FOR THE RECORD
In November 1962, Mr. [Name erased] advised Mr. Lyman Kirkpatrick that he had, at one time, been directed by Mr. Richard Bissell to assume responsibility for a project involving the assassination of Patrice Lumumba, then Premier, Republic of Congo.
According to [Name erased] poison was to have been the vehicle as he made reference to having been instructed to see Dr. Sidney Gottlieb in order procure the appropriate vehicle.
Bissell, Kirkpatrick et Gottlieb sont morts aujourd’hui (ils moururent respectivement en 1994, 1995 et 1999). Bissell dirigeait à l’époque un bureau des opérations illégales de la CIA, les Black ops; et Gottlieb était un spécialiste des drogues et poisons.
Bissell, Kirkpatrick and Gottlieb are dead today (they died respectively in 1994, 1995 and 1999). Bissell directed the Black Operations department of the CIA and Gottlieb was the drug and poison specialist of the agency.
L’article suivant, daté de l’an 2000, du Guardian de Londres donne l’impression que tout ce projet a été initié par la présidence des États-Unis.
It gives the following article more clout. This article from 2000 in the London Guardian, could put the presidency as the responsible of the project:
President ‘ordered murder’ of Congo leader
Martin Kettle in Washington
Thursday August 10, 2000
Forty years after the murder of the Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba, evidence has emerged in Washington that President Dwight Eisenhower directly ordered the CIA to “eliminate” him.The evidence comes in a previously unpublished 1975 interview with the minute-taker at an August 1960 White House meeting of Eisenhower and his national security advisers on the Congo crisis.
The minute-taker, Robert Johnson, said in the interview that he vividly recalled the president turning to Allen Dulles, director of the CIA, “in the full hearing of all those in attendance, and saying something to the effect that Lumumba should be eliminated”.
Mr Johnson recalled: “There was stunned silence for about 15 seconds and the meeting continued.”
Lumumba, the first prime minister of Congo after its independence from Belgium in June 1960, was forced from office as the country’s civil war deepened and was captured by rivals. He was killed on January 17 1961, becoming one of the key martyrs of the African independence struggle.
No direct quotations were ever recorded at the national security council meetings, and Mr Johnson only revealed the exchanges in 1975, when he was privately interviewed by staff of the Senate intelligence committee’s post-Watergate inquiry into US covert action.
The committee concluded that the US was not involved in the murder, though it confirmed that the CIA had conspired to kill Lumumba, possibly on Eisenhower’s orders. Recent Belgian parliamentary inquiries into the murder implicated Belgium but failed to come up with a direct US link.
The transcript of Mr Johnson’s interview has only come to light because it was included in material sent to the US national archives in connection with the assassination of President John F Kennedy.