Voici les thèmes qui ont été abordés pendant l’émission Amandla du 6 juin dernier sur les ondes de CKUT 90.3FM (Montréal). Vous pouvez la télécharger ici (lien valide pour deux mois seulement).
Spécial en français/ Special in french.
Sommet Altermondialiste de Sikasso, au Mali – Ce Forum des Peuples s’est tenu en parallèle avec celui du G8 en Allemagne. Les problèmes du continent africain sont souvent abordés en tant que sujets lors des sommets du G8 (ex.: Kananaskis, Gleneagles…). Mais l’Afrique décrie l’inaction qui suit les promesses faites à ces différents sommets. Les altermondialistes qui ont assistés au sommet de Sikasso proposent la création d’une Banque Mondiale du Sud qui ferait contrepoids à la Banque Mondiale actuelle; une “banque des pauvres” selon Barry Aminata Touré qui serait une alternative à la “Banque des riches” qui devrait être dissoute.
Présentation et analyse de l’ouvrage de Xavier Harel: Afrique, pillage à huis clos : Comment une poignée d’initiés siphonne le pétrole africain – Harel est un journaliste spécialisé dans les questions pétrolières. Selon lui, 1000 milliards de pétrodollars pourraient s’abattre sur le continent, d’ici 2015, mais pour ensuite se réfugier dans des paradis fiscaux provoquant la pauvreté sur le continent. Détournements de fonds et dépenses titanesques des dirigeants d’États pétroliers africains sont de mise… Avec une complicité de l’Occident incluant États, institutions internationales et mafias!
La ville de Tombouctou (Mali – voir photo plus bas) candidate pour devenir comme une des sept merveilles du monde moderne – La New7Wonder Foundation, organise la sélection de sept merveilles du monde et un vote se tient jusqu’au 7 juillet 2007, pour les choisir. Des sept merveilles connues jusqu’à présent seules quelques unes existent encore aujourd’hui. C’est pourquoi, un concours de “Merveilles modernes” est organisé. Tombouctou est la seule candidate provenant du continent africain (mis à par les pyramides d’Égypte qui sont la première merveille du monde antique). Tombouctou a une architecture particulière et est un haut lieu de culture mondiale depuis le moyen-âge. Vous pouvez voter au: www.n7w.com.
Présentation du Site www.parolesdesclavage.com – Site créé par Serge Bilé qui pousse au travail de mémoire historiquepuisqu’il relate un sombre passé de l’histoire de l’Afrique, celui de l’esclavage. Selon Bilé: “J’ai crée ce site pour donner la parole aux « anciens » afin qu’ils disent l’esclavage tel que leurs grands parents et arrière-grands-parents l’ont directement vécu et eux-mêmes raconté à leurs enfants et petits-enfants d’alors, devenus aujourd’hui septuagénaires, octogénaires, nonagénaires et centenaires. Avec Daniel Sainte-Rose et sa caméra, nous avons sillonné la Martinique et recueilli ces témoignages uniques pour qu’ils servent à l’Histoire“.
Actualité du continent africain – Le Canada interdit Winnie Mandela d’entrer au Canada à cause de son casier judiciaire. – Pfizer, l’entreprise pharmaceutique, est accusé d’avoir utilisé des enfants comme cobayes.
Here are the subjects that were addressed in the May 23rd Amandla radio show on CKUT 90.3 FM (Montreal). You can download the show here (link valid for two months only).
Alternative summit of Sikasso, in Mali – This Forum des Peuples was held in parallel with the G8 summit un Germany. The problems of Africa are often the subjects of discussion during the several last G8 summits (ex.: Kananaskis, Gleneagles…). But Africa complains about the lack of actions following the promises done during those summits. The people who attended the Sikasso summit proposed the creation of a World Bank for the South that would counterbalance the actual World Bank. According to Barry Aminata Touré, such a “bank for the poor” would be an alternative for the “bank for the wealthy” that would be dissolved.
Presentation and analysis of the book: Afrique, pillage à huis clos : Comment une poignée d’initiés siphonne le pétrole africain written by Xavier Harel– Harel is a journalist specialized in the world oil economy. According to him, 1000 billions of petrodollars could “fall”on the continent from now to 2015. But this money will flee to fiscal paradises afterwards, creating poverty in Africa. Embezzlements and huge “shopping sprees” by corrupted head of African oil producing States is common place… With the complicity of the West including States, international organizations and mafias!
The town of Timbuktu (Mali – see left) is a candidate for the New seven Wonders of the World contest – The New7Wonder Foundation organizes a contest where 7 new Wonders of the World will be selected through public vote which ends on July 7th 2007. From the 7 “old” Wonders that exists, only a few remains standing today. That’s why such a contest takes place. Timbuktu is the only candidate from Africa (of course the Pyramids in Egypt are the first Wonder of the world but it was selected during the Antiquity). Timbuktu has a special architecture and is an important cultural city of the world since the Middle ages. You can vote there: www.n7w.com.
Presentation of the Website www.parolesdesclavage.com – This site was created by Serge Bilé. It shows us the part of the African history which was the period of the slave trade.
Other news from the African continent – Canada blocks Winnie Mandela from entering in the country because of her criminal past. – Pfizer, the pharmaceutical company, is accused by the Nigerian governement of using children as guinea-pigs.
Chaque malheur nous permet toujours de tirer une conclusion positive. Avec le passage de Wolfowitz à la banque Mondiale (pour ceux qui ne savait pas encore, il a démissionné), c’est une corruption cachée qu’il a pu mettre au grand jour. Si, jusqu’à présent, on avait des doutes sur les façons de faire de la Banque Mondiale, avec “l’expérience Wolfowitz” nous avons la confirmation qu’elle aggrave elle-même les problèmes qu’elle tente de résoudre.
Voici les explications de John Nichols dans son blog du magazine “The Nation” (en anglais plus bas)
We can always find something positive in every disaster. With the passage of Wolfowitz at the WorldBank (for those who still didn’t know, he resigned), it is the corruption of an institution that is brought into the light. If, until now, we only had doubts on the ways the World Bank manages its business, with the “Wolfowitz experience” we have the confirmation that she always worsen the problems she was meant to solve.
Here are the explanations of John Nichols blog from “The Nation”.
Paul Wolfowitz is and always will be the honest face of the World Bank. True, he may have been forced to resign his presidency for using his influence to post his girlfriend with Liz Cheney – that’s right, the World Bank employee with whom Wolfowitz was intimate was delegated to “work” with the vice president’s daughter in the U.S. State Department’s office of nepotism and related affairs. But that bit of petty corruption only confirmed the extent to which he was World Bank material. And his eminent departure from one of the creepiest of global institutions will leave it without an appropriate creep-in-chief.
As the poet, anti-apartheid campaigner and long-time champion of African development Dennis Brutus says, “Wolfowitz’s arrogance, his insistence that any problems were the result of his colleagues’ actions, never his own, were a perfect match for the World Bank, which has always refused to take responsibility for its own disastrous policies and projects, laying blame instead with the borrowing country, even though the common denominator in so many botched projects, violations of human rights, and failed policy packages has been the presence of the World Bank. The combination of war and economic crimes for which he was responsible, made Wolfowitz an appropriate symbol for the institution.”
Brutus is so right. Wolfowitz and the World Bank were made for one another.
When he had finished scheming to – in his words — “take proper advantage” of the 9-11 attacks by creating the quagmire that is Iraq, there really was no place for Wolfowitz to go but the World Bank. He had the perfect resume: As blind to the suffering of others as George Bush, as foul-mouthed as Dick Cheney, as manipulative as Karl Rove, as delusional as Donald Rumsfeld, he was perfectly qualified for the move from making war on the poor with bombs to making war on the poor with “structural-adjustment” policies.
“The failures of the World Bank’s neo-liberal ideology, such as privatization of basic services, user fees for primary education and health, and the rapid deregulation of trade and investment, have been measured in death, marginalization, and impoverishment,” explains Kenyan activist Njoki Njehu, one of many critics of the bank’s devastating policies in Africa. “Let’s hope people look beyond the sensational scandal to see just how right Wolfowitz really was for the World Bank.”
When Wolfowitz went to the bank, there were some who said that this ideologue might actually force the institution he was about to head do some good in the world – if only to promote the sort of stability that might further the neoconservative fantasy that it is possible or even preferable to force a one-size-fits-all version of liberal democracy and free markets on the planet. But the “Paul is really a bleeding heart” argument was a comic misread by those who never knew Wolfowitz or the World Bank Group.
Wolfowitz was right when he suggested that the World Bank was a cesspool of corruption. But he never proposed nor even imagined “reforms” that would have made this messy collection of financial institutions into a anything more than what it is: the global equivalent of a mob enforcer coming in to break the knees of the sovereign nations that do not march to the drum beat of the wealthy nations that own it.
It is true that Wolfowitz was a bad fit with the bureaucracy at the World Bank, but it was a stylistic rather than an ideological mismatch. World Bank employees are schooled in social niceties. They do not comb their hair with spit-drenched combs, as Wolfowitz so memorably did in Michael Moore’s “Fahrenheit 9/11,” and they don’t get caught inflating the bank accounts of their significant others.
So Wolfowitz is out. And the World Bank will soon be headed by a more properly-groomed president. But it will never be headed by a more accurate reflection of itself.
We can only hope that Sameer Dossani, the executive director of the 50 Years Is Enough Network, which has led the campaign to expose the dangerous doings of the bank and its partner in crime, the International Monetary Fund, is right when he says: “Paul Wolfowitz, now exposed as a corrupt liar, has been an invaluable asset in exposing the fundamental illegitimacy and institutional corruption of the World Bank. Though we are not sad to see him go, we would like to take a minute to thank him for bringing to light the rampant corruption, favoritism and double standards that help make these institutions tick.”