In our series on great African historical figures, history professor Eric Lamoureux talks to Gwen Schulman about the life and significance of Leopold Sedar Senghor who became Senegal’s first president.
In this second part of Amandla’s look at the life of Fidel Castro and his role on the African continent, Amandla regular Doug Miller talks to Montreal anthropologist, writer, radio broadcaster and filmmaker Ole Gjerstad who was a witness of the Cuban presence in Angola.
Gjerstad offers a rare first-hand look at the Cuban presence in Africa and how Castro contributed to the liberation struggles on the continent.
Who was Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902)? Journalist and political commentator Jooneed Khan remembers who this figure was and why his statue was removed last week in South Africa. How come the symbols of colonial rule are still there?
Amandla’s Doug Miller talks to Andrew Ivaska about transnational activism in Tanzania in the 60’s and 70’s, when Dar es Salaam was a hub of activism attracting key figures of anti-colonialism from around the world.
Andrew Ivaska is associate professor in the history faculty of Concordia University in Montreal and also the author of "Cultured States: Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam".
L’assassinat d’Amilcar a ouvert une sinistre boite de pandore d’impunité insupportable. Fratricide, pogroms, guerre civile et règlements de compte au sommet de l’État, corruption et narcotrafic ont défiguré le pays si historiquement libéré par Cabral. Il n’empêche, Cabral reste au dessus de tout cela et son esprit transcende nos luttes et éclaire l’horizon panafricain.
Aziz Fall, politologue de l’UQAM, fondateur du GRILA (Groupe de recherche et d’initiatives pour la libération de l’Afrique) et collaborateur régulier à Amandla, revient sur les 40 ans de l’assassinat d’Amilcar Cabral.
The 1988 Battle of Cuito Cuanavale in Southern Angola led to the stunning defeat of apartheid South Africa’s military supremacy in Southern Africa, paving the way for Namibian independence and accelerating the demise of apartheid. On the 25th anniversary of this key moment in history, Gwen Schulman talks to Ameth Lô of the Group for Research and Initiative for the Liberation of Africa on the decisive role played by Cuban forces in the battle and the ensuing changes.
In 1987/88 the battle became an important episode in the Angolan Civil War (1975 to 2002). Between 9 September and 7 October 1987, the Angolan Army (FAPLA), in an attempt to finally subdue the Angolan insurgent movement UNITA in south-eastern Angola, was decisively repelled in a series of battles at the Lomba River by the South African Army (SADF), which had once more intervened on UNITA’s behalf. With FAPLA retreating to their starting point at Cuito Cuanavale, the SADF and UNITA went on the offensive and started the siege by shelling Cuito with long-range artillery on 14 October. A major battle ensued and Angola, fearing a defeat, requested help from Cuba. With Cuban reinforcements, Cuito was held and the South African advance ended after six unsuccessful attempts to overcome the FAPLA-Cuban defences between 13 January and 23 March 1988. The SADF withdrew but continued to shell Cuito from a distance.
The geostrategic importance of the Afar’s traditional territory along the Red Sea has placed them in the cross-hairs of Horn of Africa politics and conflicts. With the secession of Eritrea in 1991, their situation has worsened. To explore the roots of this conflict and the Afars’ efforts to chart a different future, Gwen Schulman spoke to Ahmed Youssouf Mohamed, a Canadian of Afar origin and head of the foreign mission of the Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization; and Joseph Magnet, Professor of Law at University of Ottawa, Legal Counsel for the Afar people and Legal Counsel for the Government of Afar State in Ethiopia.
David Lieber reviews Chinua Achebe’s recent book “There was a Country: A Personal History of Biafra”. Along with Amandla’s Doug Miller, he explores the historical context of the war and assesses Achebe’s work in the light of his personal involvement. The history of this war and the implications for Nigeria and Africa could have taken the whole hour. A must read for students of African history.
Lors du Congrès Panafricain qui s’est tenu à la fin octobre dernier à Munich, le politologue Aziz Fall, membre du Groupe de recherche et d’initiatives pour la libération de l’Afrique (GRILA), aussi collaborateur à Amandla, a expliqué le concept de “panafricentrage”: une stratégie internationaliste panafricaine de désengagement et de construction d’un développement équilibré continental qui intègre une compréhension de l’insertion défavorable de l’Afrique dans la division internationale du travail et condition de l’émancipation de cet ordre par la maîtrise de l’accumulation et des différents moyens d’y parvenir.
Le panafricentrage veut réécrire scientifiquement l’histoire des vainqueurs, recouvrer le sens de la maat, pour un matérialisme historique et un développement autocentré anti-impérialiste, non sexiste et écologique. Avancée révolutionnaire et contribution de l’intelligentsia et de la diaspora à son avènement.